Beyond the basic uses of mathematics in music theory and notation such as chords, time signatures, or dotted half-notes representing a count of threemusic has also been the source of research in many areas of mathematics such as abstract algebra, set theory and number theory. No doubt the amazing popularity of hip-hop music, with its rhythmic beats and looping breaks, is partially due to our innate mathematical need for rhythm and patterns. Brown is now using his sound-wave analysis of Beatles music as inspiration for new songs. This might be explained by the fact that the same parts of the brain are active when listening to Mozart as when engaged in spatial-temporal reasoning.
Language is used to maintain and convey culture and cultural ties. When an infant is born, it is not unlike any other infant born, in fact, quite similar. It is not until the child is exposed to their surroundings that they become individuals in and of their cultural group.
This idea, which describes all people as similar at birth, has been around for thousands of years and was discussed by Confucius as recorded in the book by his followers, Analects Xu, Brooks argues that physically and mentally everyone is the same, while the interactions between persons or groups vary widely from place to place.
Patterns which emerge from these group behaviours and interactions will be approved of, or disapproved of. Behaviours which are acceptable will vary from location to location Brooks, thus forming the basis of different cultures.
Hantrais puts forth the idea that culture is the beliefs and practices governing the life of a society for which a particular language is the vehicle of expression. The understanding of a culture and its people can be enhanced by the knowledge of their language.
This brings us to an interesting point brought up by Emmitt and Pollockwho argue that even though people are brought up under similar behavioural backgrounds or cultural situations but however speak different languages, their world view may be very different.
As Sapir-Whorf argues, different thoughts are brought about by the use of different forms of language. Different languages will create different limitations, therefore a people who share a culture but speak different languages, will have different world views.
Consequently, teachers of a language are also teachers of culture Byram The implications of language being completely entwined in culture, in regards for language teaching and language policy are far reaching. Language teachers must instruct their students on the cultural background of language usage, choose culturally appropriate teaching styles, and explore culturally based linguistic differences to promote understanding instead of misconceptions or prejudices.
Language policy must be used to create awareness and understandings of cultural differences, and written to incorporate the cultural values of those being taught. Implications for language teaching Teachers must instruct their students on the cultural background of language usage.
If one teaches language without teaching about the culture in which it operates, the students are learning empty or meaningless symbols or they may attach the incorrect meaning to what is being taught.
The students, when using the learnt language, may use the language inappropriately or within the wrong cultural context, thus defeating the purpose of learning a language.
Conflict in teaching styles also stem from the relationship between language and culture. During the past decade, I have taught English in Taiwan and have observed a major difficulty in English instruction brought about by teachers and suffered by students. Western English teachers who teach in Taiwan bring along with them any or all of their teaching and learning experiences.
From this, they bring with them what they imagine to be appropriate teaching methodology. Pennycook continues by pointing out that student centered learning is unsuitable for Chinese students. The students may not know how to react to this different style of learning. A case in point, when at the beginning of my teaching career in Taiwan, I found it very easy to teach English, but very difficult to get the students to interact with me while I was teaching.
Teaching was very easy because the students were well behaved and very attentive. The difficulties surfaced when trying to get the students to interact with me, their teacher. At the time, I did not realize that in Taiwan, it was culturally unacceptable for students to interact with their teacher.
The Taiwanese students were trained to listen to what the teacher said, memorize it, and later regurgitate it during an exam. The classroom setting had to be changed to a much less formal setting to coax out student interaction.
The language classes taught using this style proved to be most beneficial to the students with an overall increase in the grade point average. Because language is so closely entwined with culture, language teachers entering a different culture must respect their cultural values.
As Englebert describes: As Spence argues, success and failure in a Chinese cultural framework influences not just oneself but the whole family or group.
Therefore, teachers must remember to respect the culture in which they are located. Language teachers must realize that their understanding of something is prone to interpretation.
The meaning is bound in cultural context. One must not only explain the meaning of the language used, but the cultural context in which it is placed as well. Often meanings are lost because of cultural boundaries which do not allow such ideas to persist.Apr 10, · Re: Discussion about relationship between culture and language You say it is natural to assume this, but there are different views on the issue- the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis and linguistic relativism remains a controversial subject.
The relation of culture and language is the way they share human values, realities and behaviours of a social group. As a conclusion, according to Kramsch, language expresses, embodies and .
“Language is the human connection that shares love, knowledge, thoughts, and words between minds. Our forms of language, verbal or written or physical, collect understanding and empathy to absorb and transform into a perceptive reaction.
Primitivists argue that “dance’s non-verbal language of gesture, can express meanings and ideas with greater force, precision and economy than is possible for abstract “verbal” languages,” because gesture is often more spontaneous, and.
a proposed relationship between two variables. Amber is conducting research on the negative portrayal of Hispanics in the media. She searches through newspapers to document instances of discriminatory language toward Hispanics. To accurately discuss or write about the relationship between any two factors, it is important to first have an understanding of each of the factors in question before one can write expressively on such subject matters and this comes into play when language and culture are been discussed.