This is due to the fact that everyone has different personalities that drive them to be a certain kind of leader. There are several leadership styles that leaders in political, business or other fields exhibit. There is the transformational leadership style, which is often the most effective model to use.
Leadership Theories Behavioral Theory This theory focuses especially on what highly effective leaders do. This theory is often preferred by educators because Bad leadership theories can rather easily be seen and duplicated.
The major criticisms are that it doesn't help leaders know when to use certain behaviors and to share their motives for using those behaviors.
And how, you may ask, is this different from situational theory? Functional Theory This theory focuses especially on the behaviors needed to help a group to improve its effectiveness and achieve its goals. The theory identifies the specific functions needed by leadership for addressing certain Bad leadership theories.
Functional Theory Great Man Theory This theory focuses on the traits and actions of those who are considered to be great leaders, as if they were born with those traits of leadership -- that leadership is a trait of those people, more than any skills that they had learned. Great Man Theory of Leadership Path-Goal Theory This theory is about how leaders motivate followers to accomplish identified objectives.
It postulates that effective leaders have the ability to improve the motivation of followers by clarifying the paths and removing obstacles to high performance and desired objectives.
The underlying beliefs of path-goal theory grounded in expectancy theory are that people will be more focused and motivated if they believe they are capable of high performance, believe their effort will result in desired outcomes, and believe their work is worthwhile.
It suggests that leaders must place the needs of followers, customers, and the community ahead of their own interests in order to be effective.
The idea of servant leadership has a significant amount of popularity within leadership circles — but it is difficult to describe it as a theory inasmuch as a set of beliefs and values that leaders are encouraged to embrace.
The assessment of these factors determines if a leader should use a more directive or supportive style. Skills theory by no means disavows the connection between inherited traits and the capacity to be an effective leader — it simply argues that learned skills, a developed style, and acquired knowledge, are the real keys to leadership performance.
It is of course the belief that skills theory is true that warrants all the effort and resources devoted to leadership training and development. That is, that certain inherited qualities, such as personality and cognitive ability, are what underlie effective leadership.
There have been hundreds of studies to determine the most important leadership traits, and while there is always going to be some disagreement, intelligence, sociability, and drive aka determination are consistently cited as key qualities.
This theory is often likened to the concept and practice of management and continues to be an extremely common component of many leadership models and organizational structures.
It is often likened to the theory of charismatic leadership that espouses that leaders with certain qualities, such as confidence, extroversion, and clearly stated values, are best able to motivate followers. The key in transformational leadership is for the leader to be attentive to the needs and motives of followers in an attempt to help them reach their maximum potential.
In addition, transformational leadership typically describes how leaders can initiate, develop, and implement important changes in an organization.
This theory is often discussed in contrast with transactional leadership. What are the Differences that Make a Difference? However, some of the following models have also been mentioned as theories or styles. As with the different theories, an acquaintance with the different models can further your understanding of leadership.
After reading about the different models, which one s do you favor and why? The model that you choose depends on a variety of factors. Adaptive Leadership The adaptive leader needs to be able to connect organizational change to the core values, capabilities, and dreams of the relevant stakeholders.
The adaptive leader seeks to foster a culture that collects and honors diversity of opinion and uses this collective knowledge for the good of the organization. The adaptive leader knows that change and learning can be painful for people, and is able to anticipate and counteract any reluctant behavior related to the pain.References * The first U.S.
book about the cultural relativity of U.S. management theories is still to be written, I believe—which lack in itself indicates how difficult it is to recognize one's own cultural biases.
TO TRULY UNDERSTAND LEADERSHIP, KNOW ITS BROAD CONTEXT. It helps to be acquainted with the different major theories because it helps you to see leadership from a variety of different perspectives and, thus, to deepen and enrich your understanding of leadership in general.
Oct 18, · It’s important to realize that just because someone holds a position of leadership, doesn’t necessarily mean they should. . Western Theories of Justice. Justice is one of the most important moral and political concepts.
The word comes from the Latin jus, meaning right or law. The Oxford English Dictionary defines the “just” person as one who typically “does what is morally right” and is disposed to “giving everyone his or her due,” offering the word “fair” as a synonym. Diffusion research examines how ideas are spread among groups of people.
Diffusion goes beyond the two-step flow theory, centering on the conditions that increase or decrease the likelihood that an innovation, a new idea, product or practice, will be adopted by members of a given culture. In multi. Over time, several core theories about leadership have emerged.
These theories fall into four main categories: Trait theories.
Behavioral theories. Contingency theories. Power and influence theories. "Transformational leadership," is the most effective style to use in most business situations.