After a year struggle, women had won the precious right to vote. The generations of suffragists that had fought for so long proudly entered the political world. Carrie Chapman Catt carried the struggle into voting awareness with the founding of the League of Women Voters. Margaret Sanger declared that female independence could be accomplished only with proper birth control methods.
Bigelow Overview The continent of Africa, the second largest on the globe, is bisected by the equator and bordered to the west by the Atlantic Ocean and to the east by the Indian Ocean.
Roughly the shape of an inverted triangle—with a large bulge on its northwestern end and a small horn on its eastern tip—it contains 52 countries and six islands that, together, make up about Africa is essentially a huge plateau divided naturally into two sections.
Northern Africa, a culturally and historically Mediterranean region, includes the Sahara desert—the world's largest expanse of desert, coming close to the size of the United States.
Sub-Saharan, or Black Africa, also contains some desert land, but is mainly tropical, with rain forests clustered around the equator; vast savanna grasslands covering more than 30 percent of continent and surrounding the rain forests on the north, east, and south; some mountainous regions; and rivers and lakes that formed from the natural uplifting of the plateau's surface.
Africa is known for the diversity of its people and languages. Its total population is approximately million, making it the third most populous continent on earth. Countless ethnic groups inhabit the land: Still, the peoples of Africa are generally united by a respect for tradition and a devotion to their community.
Most of the flags of African nations contain one or more of three significant colors: Such evidence as survives clearly shows that Africans were on the scene and acting when the human drama opened. Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. These agricultural and mining empires began as small kingdoms but eventually established great wealth and control throughout Western Africa.
African societies were marked by varying degrees of political, economic, and social advancement. They were not all highly organized kingdoms—to be sure, some were simple, isolated family states—but they all People of lower social standing were respected as valued members of the community.
Agriculture has always been the basis of African economics. Some rural African peoples worked primarily as sheep, cattle, and poultry raisers, and African artisans maintained a steady trade in clothing, baskets, pottery, and metalware, but farming was a way of life for most Africans.
Land in such societies belonged to the entire community, not to individuals, and small communities interacted with each other on a regular basis. Rather, tribes specialized in various economic endeavors, then traveled and traded their goods and crops with other tribes. Slave trade in Africa dates back to the mid-fifteenth century.
Ancient Africans were themselves slaveholders who regarded prisoners of war as sellable property, or chattel, of the head of a family. According to Franklin, though, these slaves "often became trusted associates of their owners and enjoyed virtual freedom.
Throughout the mid—s, West Africans commonly sold their slaves to Arab traders in the Mediterranean. The fledgling system of slave trade increased significantly when the Portuguese and Spanish—who had established sugar-producing colonies in Latin America and the West Indies, respectively—settled in the area in the sixteenth century.
The Dutch arrived in Africa in the early s, and a large influx of other European traders followed in ensuing decades with the growth of New World colonialism.The Dred Scott decision, as it has come to be known, would set back the cause of free blacks, abolitionists and moral crusaders in the United States in ways not imagined before the decision was.
The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15, BC. Numerous cultures formed. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in started the European colonization of the benjaminpohle.com colonies formed after By the s, thirteen British colonies contained million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains.
Influence of the Enlightenment on American History - It was during and after the American Revolution that many of the main ideas of the Enlightenment were used as the guidelines to help influence things such as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. 40 Greatest American Speeches. From Patrick Henrys legendary pronouncement, Give me liberty or give me death!
to Martin Luther King, Jr.s famous I Have a Dream speech, for centuries American orators have changed attitudes, spurred action, or summed up a nations collective sorrow.
Here are 40 of the greatest (listed in order from the oldest to the most recent). Really, though, it took four years for the Court’s ruling in Dred Scott to sink in. It shaped an election, changed the course of American politics, and led to civil war.
Although Douglas won the Senate seat, he alienated Southern supporters by encouraging disobedience of the Dred Scott decision with his Freeport Doctrine. Lincoln, meanwhile, lost the election, but emerged with national prominence as a .