Totalitarianism is a form of government in which all of society resources are monopolized by the state, entering all aspects of public and private life, through the states use of propaganda, terror, and technology Grobman. Totalitarian societies are very distinct, organized, and controlled usually by one man who directs the whole economy and unities it under a single belief. Totalitarian societies seek to establish complete political, social, and cultural control. There are many types of Totalitarian governments that can be seen through political history.
A collection of essays for your own use. Please don't plagiarize, it's wrong, but feel free to glean all the info you can from my work. This war left Europe burned to the ground, and out of these ashes rose new forms of Totalitarian governments, Fascism in Italy and Nazism in Germany.
The rise of these states are marked by profound differences to each other but they share many similarities as well, namely that their existence owes itself entirely to WWI and the actions taken by the victorious allies particularly the Peace Treaties.
The Italian Government was faced with many problems after the war. The first was with Italian dissatisfaction with the territorial settlements at the Paris Peace Conference.
The Italians were expecting big land gains when they had entered the war and according to the Treaty of London, released to the public by the Bolsheviks as a way of showing the corruption of Western governments, they were promised Trentino, Trieste, Southern Tyrol, Istria, Dalmatia, the coastal districts of Albania, a share in the division of the Ottoman Empire and of the German colonies in Africa.
Even though the Italians had fought bravely in the war loosingmen, the territories ceded to Italy in the Paris Peace Conference only included Trentino, Trieste, Tyrol and Istria, but she did not get any former German colonies nor any land in Asia Minor, Albania and Dalmatia.
There was much resentment against the weak and unsuccessful foreign policy of the Italian government. In Septembera band of alien patriots, under Gabriele D'Annunzio, took Fiume, a port on the Dalmatian coast, by force in defiance of the decision of the Paris Peace Conference.
But the Italians could not enjoy their victory for long because in November the Italian government had signed the treaty of Rapallo with Yugoslavia, by which Fiume became a free city under the League of Nations and Italy renounced Dalmatia as her sphere of influence.
Many Italians were deeply disappointed with their government which seemed be too weak in its foreign policy. Another problem that Italy faced was economic failure.
Italy was a poor nation. She could only support her war effort by obtaining foreign loans. Immediately after the war, as Europe was exhausted by the war, the Italian tourist trade and export trade came to a standstill and there was large-scale unemployment throughout the country.
The problem of unemployment was aggravated by the return of millions of ex-soldiers to Italy and a new immigration law of the U.
Moreover, runaway inflation added to the sufferings of the Italians. The lira had only one-fifth of its pre-war value. Encouraged by the success of the Bolshevik Revolution inthe unemployed workers and peasants stirred up riots and strikes throughout the country. With the current government losing popularity, many citizens turned to the Socialist parties and in the elections of the Socialist Party won more than one-third of all votes and became the largest single party in the Chamber of Deputies.
They were followed at a distance by the Popular Party which won one-fifth of all votes on a platform of social reform.
The ruling parties the Liberals and Democrats lost heavily. Encouraged by this success, the General Confederation of labor called for strikes in September During the strike, workers took over more than six hundred factories and established soviets on the Russian model to rule a number of industrial towns in northern Italy.
This set the stage for Benito Mussolini to gain power. A former socialist himself, he came emerged from the war with 40 pieces of shrapnel and a realization that the idea of socialism is a failure.
The party platform was based on universal suffrage, the abolition of the Senate, land for the peasants, improvement of workers' conditions and a strong foreign policy. It seemed that Mussolini had not completely discarded his early socialist thought.
The property class did not like his radical party program. In the elections of November for the Chamber of Deputies, Mussolini and one of his close associates failed to win a seat for themselves.
This caused the many Italian nationalists to see Mussolini as their leader, for he advocated a strong foreign policy and the annexation of Fiume and Dalmatia. The most important factor was that after the General Strike ofthe wealthy industrialists and landowners feared a communist revolution and desired a strong central government to return law and order.
With the support of the property class, Mussolini and his National Fascist Party were able to gain 35 seats out of ina tremendous gain compared to their pathetic loss 18 months ago.Totalitarianism is a form of government that is ruled by a leader who possesses absolute power and permits no privacy and freedom among its citizens.
Countries that practice totalitarian government have unhappy citizens because the government has complete control of . Totalitarianism Essay Examples. 43 total results. The Manifestation of Totalitarianism in Russia 1 page. The End of the First World War Saw the Rise of Totalitarianism.
1, words. 3 pages. Deep Resentment against Totalitarianism in George Orwell's 2, words. 6 pages. A Comparison of the Differences Between the Canadian and Cuban. Essay about The Rise of Totalitarianism The Rise of Totalitarianism Amber Williamson His 4/26/ John Visconti The Rise of Totalitarianism in Italy After a world war I Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union saw the rise of Totalitarian governments.
The Dangers of Totalitarianism Essay example Words | 8 Pages. continent, and partly due to of the rise of communism. In response to this era marked by extreme war and violence, arts and literature boomed; partly to document the era, and party to serve as a reminder of what happened.
Essays & Papers Rise of Totalitarianism Essay - Paper Example Rise of Totalitarianism Essay At the end of World War I, totalitarianism began to rise - Rise of Totalitarianism Essay introduction.
Mar 24, · Words: Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Totalitarianism Hannah Arendt, in her book, "Origins of Totalitarianism," attributes the formation of a mass society in Europe in the first decades of the 20th century to "grassroots eruptions" from .