How to swim the breaststroke

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How to swim the breaststroke

The fastest breaststrokers can swim about 1. It is sometimes the hardest to teach to rising swimmers after butterfly due to the importance of timing and the coordination required to move the legs properly. The body is often at a steep angle to the forward movement, which slows down the swimmer more than any other style.

Professional breaststrokers use abdominal muscles and hips to add extra power to the kick, although most do not perfect this technique until the collegiate level.

This much faster form of breaststroke is referred to as "wave-action" breaststroke and fully incorporates the whip-kick. A special feature of competitive breaststroke is the underwater pullout.

From the streamline position, one uses the arms to pull all the way down past the hips. As the arms are pulling down, one downward dolphin kick is allowed as of the seasonthough still optional; more than one dolphin kick will result in disqualification.

This is followed by the recovery of the arms to the streamline position once more with a breaststroke kick. The pullout is also called the "pull down". The pullout at the start and after the turns contributes significantly to the swimming times.

Open turns can be easily performed at the walls, but both hands must make contact with the wall. Therefore, one way to improve swimming times is to focus on the start and the turns. History of swimming The history of breaststroke goes back to the Stone Age, as for example pictures in the Cave of Swimmers near Wadi Sora in the southwestern part of Egypt near Libya.

The leg action of the breaststroke may have originated by imitating the swimming action of frogs. Depictions of a variant of breaststroke are found in Babylonian bas-reliefs and Assyrian wall drawings.

How to swim the breaststroke

InNicolas Wynman, a German professor of languages and poetry, wrote the first swimming book, Colymbetes. His goal was not to promote exercise, but rather to reduce the dangers of drowning. Nevertheless, the book contained a good, methodical approach to learning breaststroke.

The book Benjamin Franklin became one of its readers popularized this technique.

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In the pre-Olympic era, competitive swimming in Europe started aroundmostly using breaststroke. A watershed event was a swimming competition in in London, notable for the participation of some Native Americans.

While the British raced using breaststroke, the Native Americans swam a variant of the front crawl. The British continued to swim only breaststroke until Captain Matthew Webb was the first man to swim the English channel between England and Francein He used breaststroke, swimming The Summer Olympics in St.

These games differentiated breaststroke, backstroke, and freestyle. One breaststroke problem Armbruster researched was that the swimmer was slowed down significantly while bringing the arms forward underwater.

In Armbruster refined a method to bring the arms forward over water in breaststroke.


While this "butterfly" technique was difficult, it brought a great improvement in speed. A year later, inJack Siega swimmer also from the University of Iowa, developed a technique involving swimming on his side and beating his legs in unison similar to a fish tail, and modified the technique afterward to swim it face down.

Armbruster and Sieg combined these techniques into a variant of the breaststroke called butterflywith the two kicks per cycle being called dolphin fishtail kick. However, even though this technique was much faster than regular breaststroke, the dolphin fishtail kick violated the rules.

Butterfly arms with a breaststroke kick were used by a few swimmers in the Summer Olympics in Berlin for the breaststroke competitions. Inalmost every breaststroke swimmer was using this butterfly style, yet this stroke was considered a variant of the breaststroke untilwhen it was accepted as a separate style with its own set of rules.

In the early s, another modification was developed for breaststroke. Breaking the water surface increases drag, reducing speed; swimming underwater increases speed.SuperSwim is the original tethered swim trainer developed more than 20 years ago for professional swim athletes and fitness enthusiasts.

Learn More. In , a schoolteacher on the island of Maui challenged a group of poverty-stricken sugar plantation kids to swim upstream against the current of their circumstance. The goal? To become Olympians. They were the Three-Year Swim Club. This is their story! Swim Speed Strokes for Swimmers and Triathletes: Master Freestyle, Butterfly, Breaststroke and Backstroke for Your Fastest Swimming (Swim Speed Series) [Sheila Taormina, Rowdy Gaines] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

In her best-selling book Swim Speed Secrets, 4-time Olympian and gold medalist Sheila Taormina revealed the freestyle swimming technique used by the . I coach swim and water polo and have struggled to get my swimmers to do a legal breaststroke kick. These fins force your feet in the proper position.

It is almost impossible to do it /5(79). Breaststroke is the most challenging, inefficient and slowest of the four strokes. It is also the key to a successful IM. Current photo via Tim Binning/ The fifth and final day.

Swim Drill Of The Week: Breaststroke Timing Progression

May 11,  · How to Swim the Breaststroke. In this Article: Article Summary Practicing the Core Position Doing the Kick Incorporating the Arm Movements Improving Your Breaststroke Community Q&A The breaststroke is a fun and easy-to-learn swimming technique.

Swimming the breaststroke is a great form of exercise that engages the arms, legs, shoulders, and neck.

How to Swim the Breaststroke (with Pictures) - wikiHow