Parenting in America 1. The American family today Family life is changing. Two-parent households are on the decline in the United States as divorce, remarriage and cohabitation are on the rise.
Single-person households in the United States are set to grow steadily over the next 15 years, which could have implications for several industries, ranging from housing to health care. The American household is very different from the idealized image of the nuclear family.
Not only are children less likely to live with two opposite-sex parents, but many households are organized in non-traditional ways. One of the key changes is the increase in single-person households: At one time, this was considered very unusual.
But it is becoming more normal, and may have profound implications for many businesses. To better understand this phenomenon, we have developed a simple forecast of the number and share of single-person households in the United States.
Single-person households have been rising steadily Changing lifestyle trends and attitudes to marriage have impacted not only the size of households, but the nature of households as well.
For example, between andthe median age of first marriage rose to The trends in single-person households over — Between andthe number of single-person households went up to about Given the delay in the median marriage age, it is not surprising that households headed by those under 35 years of age and by 35—year-olds have witnessed faster growth in single-person households than total households for their respective cohorts figure 2.
As a result, for both cohorts, the shares of single-person households in total households within their cohorts went up figure 3. Interestingly, the above cohort outpaced the other two, both in formation of total households and single-person households. How will the numbers look like in the next 15 years?
The US Census Bureau provides projections for population, but not households.
The percentage of children under the age of 18 in the United States living in single parent households increased to 35 percent in , according to the Annie E. Casey benjaminpohle.com some locations, the number is greater. Figure 1 shows the percentage of children in single-parent families in the most recent year for which data are available, for the U.S., for Norway, and for the other countries. 1 The percentage of children in such families is 10% or higher in all the countries. Figure 1 shows the percentage of children in single-parent families in the most recent year for which data are available, for the U.S., for Norway, and for the other countries. 1 The percentage of children in such families is 10% or higher in all the countries.
We made some simple assumptions to develop a projection of the number of households and single-person households in the future. Projecting data for all households From historical data, we first calculate the share of the population in a particular cohort under 35, 35—54, and above 55 who are heads of households.
Then, assuming that the future share for a cohort stays the same as the latest available year in this case,we multiply these shares with the population projections to arrive at a projection of the total number of households for each cohort.
The assumption of static shares is a baseline assessment and is in line with trends for the last decade. Even for the under cohort, the share of the population who are heads of households did not fall sharply after the Great Recession and has been slowly edging up since then.
Projecting data for single-person households Next, we calculate the share of single-person households in total households within the three cohorts for the most recent available year in this case, Then, assuming that the future share for a cohort does not change, we multiply these shares with the household projections from step 1 to obtain a projection of the number of single-person households for each cohort.
As figure 3 shows, the assumption that the share of single-person households within cohorts is fixed reflects historical experience except possibly for the youngest cohort. The projections show that single-person households are set to reach about The projections also show that the numbers will somewhat stabilize for the under cohort, rise steadily for the above cohort, and pick up sharply after for the 35—54 cohort figure 5.
The downward movement in shares of single-person households of the under and 35—54 cohorts is expected to continue during —30 as in the previous year period. The above cohort is expected to make up What are the implications of rising single-person households?
Rising numbers of single-person households may have numerous implications for the economy. Single-person households tend to spend more on housing than other cohorts.2 The Census Bureau report did not include statistics about the percentage of custodial single fathers who are employed full-time vs.
those who are employed part . Two-parent households are on the decline in the United States as divorce, remarriage and cohabitation are on the rise. And families are smaller now, both due to the growth of single-parent households and the drop in fertility. One of the largest shifts in family structure is this: 34% of children today are living with an unmarried parent—up from just 9% in , and 19% in In most cases, these unmarried parents are single.
According to Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: , a report released by the U.S. Census Bureau every two years (and most recently in December ), there are approximately million single parents in the United States today, and those parents are .
White householders make up 79 percent of all households in the United States, down from 89 percent in Black and Hispanic householders each make up 13 percent of households, while Asian householders comprise 5 percent.
This graph shows the percentage of single-person households in the United States in , by state. In , about 24 percent of Californian households were single-person households.