The earliest fortifications originated in the Fertile Crescentthe Indus ValleyEgypt, and China where settlements were protected by large walls. Northern Europe was slower than the East to develop defensive structures and it was not until the Bronze Age that hill forts were developed, which then proliferated across Europe in the Iron Age.
Castles were built during the Middle Ages as fortified homes for kings and nobility. Why did they build Castles? During the Middle Ages much of Europe was divided up between lords and princes. They would rule the local land and all the people who lived there.
In order to defend themselves, they built their homes as large castles in the center of the land they ruled. They could defend from attacks as well as prepare to launch attacks of their own from their castles.
Originally castles were made of wood and timber. Later they were replaced with stone to make them stronger. Castles were often built at the top of hills or where they could use some natural features of the land to help with their defense.
After the Middle Ages castles weren't built as much, especially as larger artillery and cannon were designed that could easily knock down their walls. Warwick Castle by Walwegs Castle Features Although castle design varied widely throughout Europe, there were some similar features that many castles incorporated: Moat - A moat was a defensive ditch dug around the castle.
It could be filled with water and there was typically a drawbridge across it to get to the castle gate. Keep - The keep was a large tower and the last place of defense in a castle.
Curtain Wall - The wall around the castle which had a walkway on it from which defenders could fire arrows down onto attackers. Arrow Slits - These were slits cut into the walls that allowed archers to shoot arrows at attackers, but remain safe from return fire.
Gatehouse - The gatehouse was built at the gate to help reinforce the castle defenses at its weakest point. Battlements - Battlements were at the tops of castle walls. Generally they were cut out from walls allowing defenders to attack while still being protected by the wall.
Today it is still the primary residence of English royalty.
Tower of London - Was built in The large White Tower was started in by William the Conqueror. Over time the tower has served as a prison, treasury, armory, and royal palace.
Photographs copyright © by Bill Damick. Jeff Thomas ; Cadw Guidebook To understand part of the reason St. Davids is so special, you have to know a little. A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility. See the fact file below for more information and facts about castles or download the entire worksheet pack today!. Castles were first built in Britain by the Normans from France during . The Tower of London in the Middle Ages. The Tower of London, that formidable symbol of England's national heritage, served as a royal residence as well as a prison in the medieval period.
Cite de Carcassonne - Famous castle in France started by the Romans. Hohensalzburg Castle - Sitting on top of a hill in Austria, it was originally built inbut was greatly expanded in the late 15th century.
Malbork Castle - Built in Poland in by the Teutonic Knights, this is the largest castle in the world by surface area. Castle Entrance by Rosendahl Fun Facts about Castles Originally towers were built with square tops, but later were replaced by round towers that offered better defense and visibility.
Many castles kept their ale in a room called the buttery. Siege engines were used to attack castles. They included the battering ram, catapult, siege towers, and the ballista. Often times attacking armies would wait outside and try to starve out the castle dwellers rather than attack them. This is called a siege.
Many castles were built on a spring so they would have water during a siege. The steward managed all the affairs of the castle.
Cats and dogs were kept in castles to help kill rats and keep them from eating the grain stores.A castle served as fortress, a residence for nobility and as a means of preserving the rigid social hierarchy of the Middle Ages.
Castles in Medieval Times A castle served as fortress, a residence for nobility and as a means of preserving the rigid social hierarchy of the Middle Ages. As social centres castles were important places for display. Builders took the opportunity to draw on symbolism, through the use of motifs, to evoke a sense of chivalry that was aspired to in the Middle Ages amongst the elite.
A castle is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility.
See the fact file below for more information and facts about castles or download the entire worksheet pack today!. Castles were first built in Britain by the Normans from France during . Castles were important for a lot of reasons. Warlords  in the ninth-century France constructed the first castles —little more than wooden forts surrounding their homes —to protect their families and the local farmers from pilaging Vikings.
> Im. Life in Middle Ages Castles Life in the castles of the Middle Ages was either hard work or very boring. Read about the daily life of a lord, a knight, the soldiers, the servants and the serfs who lived in the castles of the Middle Ages. Nov 24, · Castles were built in the middle ages to defend William of Normandy's armies and provide homes for them too!
Castles in the Middle Ages were very important.