Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem occurring during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity. The sexual response cycle traditionally includes excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Desire and arousal are both part of the excitement phase of the sexual response. While research suggests that sexual dysfunction is common 43 percent of women and 31 percent of men report some degree of difficultyit is a topic that many people are hesitant to discuss.
Print Overview Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual response, desire, orgasm or pain — that distress you or strain your relationship with your partner — are known medically as sexual dysfunction. Many women experience problems with sexual function at some point, and some have difficulties throughout their lives.
Female sexual dysfunction can occur at any stage of life. It can occur only in certain sexual situations or in all sexual situations. Sexual response involves a complex interplay of physiology, emotions, experiences, beliefs, lifestyle and relationships.
Disruption of any component can affect sexual desire, arousal or satisfaction, and treatment often involves more than one approach. Symptoms Symptoms vary depending on what type of sexual dysfunction you're experiencing: This most common of female sexual dysfunctions involves a lack of sexual interest and willingness to be sexual.
Your desire for sex might be intact, but you have difficulty with arousal or are unable to become aroused or maintain arousal during sexual activity. You have persistent or recurrent difficulty in achieving orgasm after sufficient sexual arousal and ongoing stimulation.
You have pain associated with sexual stimulation or vaginal contact. When to see a doctor If sexual problems affect your relationship or worry you, make an appointment with your doctor for evaluation.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes Sexual problems often develop when your hormones are in flux, such as after having a baby or during menopause.
Major illness, such as cancer, diabetes, or heart and blood vessel cardiovascular disease, can also contribute to sexual dysfunction.
Factors — often interrelated — that contribute to sexual dissatisfaction or dysfunction include: Any number of medical conditions, including cancer, kidney failure, multiple sclerosis, heart disease and bladder problems, can lead to sexual dysfunction. Certain medications, including some antidepressants, blood pressure medications, antihistamines and chemotherapy drugs, can decrease your sexual desire and your body's ability to experience orgasm.
Lower estrogen levels after menopause may lead to changes in your genital tissues and sexual responsiveness. A decrease in estrogen leads to decreased blood flow to the pelvic region, which can result in less genital sensation, as well as needing more time to build arousal and reach orgasm.
The vaginal lining also becomes thinner and less elastic, particularly if you're not sexually active. These factors can lead to painful intercourse dyspareunia. Sexual desire also decreases when hormonal levels decrease. Your body's hormone levels also shift after giving birth and during breast-feeding, which can lead to vaginal dryness and can affect your desire to have sex.
Untreated anxiety or depression can cause or contribute to sexual dysfunction, as can long-term stress and a history of sexual abuse. The worries of pregnancy and demands of being a new mother may have similar effects.
Long-standing conflicts with your partner — about sex or other aspects of your relationship — can diminish your sexual responsiveness as well.
Cultural and religious issues and problems with body image also can contribute. Risk factors Some factors may increase your risk of sexual dysfunction:What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?
Erectile Dysfunction (Erection Problems) - Erectile Dysfunction (Erection Problem) affects the lives of . Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition in which a man regularly finds it difficult to get or keep a firm erection.
ED can be caused by psychological, physical, . Erectile dysfunction is a common sexual problem in men. In this condition a man suffers from erection problem. Either he is unable to get full erection or he is unable to sustain erection for longer duration.
Sexual dysfunction occurs when you have a problem that prevents you from wanting or enjoying sexual activity. It can happen anytime. Men and women of all ages experience sexual dysfunction.
Sexual dysfunction (or sexual malfunction or sexual disorder) is difficulty experienced by an individual or a couple during any stage of a normal sexual activity, including physical pleasure, desire, preference, arousal or orgasm. Sexual health is an important part of a man's life, no matter his age, civil status, or sexual orientation.
It is also an important part of a couple's .